Sump pumps are plumbing appliances people do not really think about until they need them. They help to prevent flooding by redirecting water away from the basement. They are usually installed in the lowest part of the basement in a pit or attached to a sump pump basin. Water flows into that basin and gets pumped away from the basement.
Kinds of Sump Pumps
● Primary: Primary sump pumps are the most basic kind of sump pump. They can pump thousands of gallons of water away per hour. These can be broken up into two separate categories: submersible and pedestal. Submersible sump pumps are what they sound like. They can be submerged in water and are usually used in places that need regular pumping. Pedestal sump pumps are raised out of the water and are usually used in places that do not need regular pumping since they pump at a slower rate.
● Battery Backup: Similar to the primary sump pump, battery backup sump pumps have a battery attached. When power outages occur, primary sump pumps will not work because they run on electricity. Battery backup pumps solve this problem, but they are not as powerful.
● Combination: Combination sump pumps use both primary and battery backup pumps. These are common choices for households due to the strength of the pump when running on electricity and backup power during power outages.
● Sewage Pump: Sewage pumps can pass solids up to 2 feet in diameter. These pumps can remove water, but are mainly for septic overflow. They are usually located in the pump itself or in a separate pit.
● Less Repairs: Flooding can cause a lot of damage. This usually leads to pretty high repair costs. They can keep your appliances and belongings safe so you do not need to replace them in the event of a flood.
● Lack of Moisture: Sump pumps get rid of moisture in the area. Having moisture can lead to mold or mildew that can ruin your belongings and be dangerous if inhaled.
● Reduced Risk of Fire: One of the biggest dangers of flooding is the risk of fire. If water gets near any of your electrical appliances, there is a chance a fire will start. Sump pumps reduce this risk by keeping water out.
Possible Issues with Sump Pumps
● Seizure: If your sump pump is rarely used, it will seize. If this occurs, a plumber will need to come fix it. To test if your pump is seized, you can dump a bucket of water in it to see if it turns on.
● Incorrect Size: If you have the wrong size of pump, it may not work when needed. It is important to consider the area of the space and the amount of water it is expected to pump.
● Power Outage: If you do not get a backup sump pump, your pump will not do its job during power outages.
● Clogs and Overflow: Getting regular cleanings will help avoid clogs and overflow. It should be inspected by a professional plumber at least once per year.